Basic ideas in Aikido

Morihei Ueshiba

Foundation exercises

Tal no henka – exercise for turning the body.
Morotedori kokyuho – exercise for developing breath coordination.
Kokyu dosa – seated breath coordination exercise.

Osae waza – pins

Ikkyo – pinning with the principle of using the entire body at once, as a unified structure, in manner that emphasizes control of the elbow. Ikkyo is the foundation for all of th pins.
Nikyo – pinning by the use of downward, compacting spirals against the wrist.
Sankyo – pinning by the use of upward spiral motion used against the wrist.
Yonkyo – pinning by imparting pressure against nerve bundles in the forearm.
Gokyo – a variation that allows for defending against a knife.
Rokyo – pinning by crushing the elbow joint.

Nage waza – throws

Shihonage – throwing with the principle of kenjutsu. The arm is wrapped up from the wrist, all the way to the shoulder, to accomplish the throw.
Kotegaeshi – throwing by folding the wrist back on to itself.
Iriminage – throwing by entering deeply to the rear.
Koshinage – throwing using the hip as a fulcrum.
Kokyunage – a variety of loosely categorized throws that are accomplished by means other than those listed elsewhere. They usually do not require a fulcrum, and are done by coordination.
Tenchinage – a throw that combines the themes of “irimi” and “kokyu.”
Kaitennage – a throw that arrives from a variation of “sankyo.”
Jujinage – a throw that cross entangles both arms at the elbows.
Kansestu waza – joint locking
Shime waza – choking
Throwing and pinning with combined themes
Kaeshi waza – counter techniques
Renzoku waza – switching techniques


3 Responses to Basic ideas in Aikido

  1. Erik says:


    Found my way to your blogg through some site. Is Shime waza common? I’m practicing a blend of aikikai and Iwama, as those were merged at least on some level, but we’ve never practiced it.

    What style do you practice?


  2. autrelle says:

    Shime waza isn’t “common” in the sense that it is not kihon. You see variations in almost every style of Aikido that includes choking and neck breaking, but these are not the everyday practice. We also practice our waza in defense against choking, so it makes sense to know how to apply a proper choke.

    As far as “style” is concerned, I got my start with USAF. My teacher taught us Aikikai taijutsu and Iwama bukiwaza. Although I keep my bukiwaza in the Iwama structure, and match my taijutsu accordingly, I’m not an Iwama person at all, and I don’t put too much on having a particular way or method. If someone has good Aikido, I try to learn from them, that’s all.

  3. Pingback: “Basic ideas in Aikido” by Autrelle Holland

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