This entry is directly from my Aiki Jo Notebook and Manual.  If you find it helpful and want the draft copy, just email me and ask for one.

Roku no Jo

The 6-10 Kumijo all feature jonagewaza, or finishing by throwing uke with a taijutsu movement with the jo.  It is important to always practice the ken and jo with the feeling of taijutsu.  In Roku no Jo, uchi attacks with tsuki hayagaeshi.


  • Uchijo: From Hidari Tsuki no Kamae, Hidari Choku Tsuki
  • Ukejo: From Hidari Jo no Kamae, rather than thrust when he can, uke, holding the jo in thirds, lightly presses the jo away to defend.  Here, since uke uses irimi, he can also strike uchi in the face or the body with a thrust from the jo, or with a fist, but does not.  This is perhaps the key feature of this and the Kumijo that follow.  I believe that not striking reflects that attacks can be nullified entirely with proper taijutsu, and that the jo is a tool to foster not just striking techniques, but understanding how moving yourself to the right place is always going to supercede striking or throwing your partner.


  • Uchijo: Steps forward and raises the jo to strike with Migi Hayagaeshi
  • Ukejo: Rather than thrust uchi in the face, uke slides forward and controls the movement of uchi’s left elbow with the left third portion of the jo.  Uke is still is left hanmi, sliding toward uchi’s left.  Here, once again, uchi is controlled by uke’s taijutsu and the threat of being struck.  Uke does not actually strike uchi at all, even though he can, with the jo or empty hand.  At every point in the kumijo, uke can finish with a jo strike, empty hand strike, or throw, whenever he decides to do so.


  • Uchijo: Migi Hayagaeshi
  • Ukejo: Stepping forward with the right foot and swinging the left leg around, uke brings the right third portion of the jo down between uchi’s arms, and presses on uchi’s jo.  This is instead of hitting uchi’s face or body with the jo.
  • * Ukejo: Insert the right third portion of the jo between uchi’s jo and uchi’s right and raise it toward uchi’s left shoulder.  Turning the hips, this will entwine uchi’s arms for jonage garamiwaza.  Uke should be in migi hanmi when throwing.   This clearly illustrates the concept of Riai, or blending of truths.  There should be no distinction between body movement that strikes or throws an opponent, whether armed or not.  Musashi talks about this in a slightly different manner in Go Rin no Sho in the Wind book.  He states that in combat, you do not resolve to cut the enemy one particular way or another, you only resolve to kill him.  In context to Aikido, we do not strive to move in some particular fashion with some particular goal in mind, armed or unarmed.  We don’t talk about killing or hurting our opponents in Aikido, but Aikido is a martial art, with its origins coming from some of the most bloody and severe martial arts.  O’Sensei often said that life and death is decided in an instant in Aikido.  Without a proper understanding of this, your practice will be dubious, indeed.


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